Opțiuni în gestionarea riscurilor
Risk mitigation[ edit ] Risk mitigation, opțiuni în gestionarea riscurilor second process according to SP —30, the third according to ISO of risk management, involves prioritizing, evaluating, and implementing the appropriate risk-reducing controls recommended from the risk assessment process. Because the elimination of all risk is usually impractical or close to impossible, it is the responsibility of senior management and functional and business managers to use the least-cost approach and implement the most appropriate opțiuni în gestionarea riscurilor to decrease mission risk to an acceptable level, with minimal adverse impact on the organization's resources and mission.
ISO framework[ edit ] The risk treatment process aim at selecting security measures to: reduce avoid transfer risk and produce a risk treatment plan, that is the output of the process with the residual risks subject to the acceptance of management. There are some list to select appropriate security measures,  but is up to the single organization to choose the most appropriate one according to its business strategy, constraints of the environment and circumstances.
The choice should be rational and documented. The importance of accepting a risk opțiuni în gestionarea riscurilor is too costly to reduce is very high and led to the fact that risk acceptance is considered a separate process. Another option is to outsource the risk to somebody more efficient to manage the risk.
Gestionarea riscurilor şi crizelor în sectorul agricol
For example, the choice of not storing sensitive information about customers can be an avoidance for the risk that customer data can be stolen. The residual risks, i.
Miscarea Statistica Probabila si Probabilitatea de Atingere
If the residual risk is unacceptable, the risk treatment process should be iterated. To accept the potential risk and continue operating the IT system or to implement controls to lower the risk to an acceptable level Risk Avoidance. To limit the risk opțiuni în gestionarea riscurilor implementing controls that minimize the adverse impact of a threat's exercising a vulnerability e.
To manage risk by developing a risk mitigation plan that prioritizes, implements, and maintains controls Research and Acknowledgement. To lower the risk of loss by acknowledging the vulnerability or flaw and researching controls to correct the vulnerability Risk Transference. To transfer the risk by using other options to compensate for the loss, such as purchasing insurance.
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Address the greatest risks and strive for sufficient risk mitigation at the lowest cost, with minimal impact on other mission capabilities: this is the suggestion contained in  Main article: Risk management § Risk communication Risk communication is a horizontal process that interacts bidirectionally with all other processes of risk management.
Its purpose is to establish a common understanding of all aspect of risk among all the organization's stakeholder. Establishing a common understanding is important, since it influences decisions to be taken. The Risk Reduction Overview opțiuni în gestionarea riscurilor  is specifically designed for this process. It presents a comprehensible overview of the coherence of risks, measures and residual risks to achieve this common understanding.
Risk monitoring and review[ edit ] Risk management is cei mai buni roboți binari ongoing, never ending process. Within this process implemented security measures are regularly monitored and reviewed to ensure that they work as planned and that changes in the environment rendered them ineffective. Opțiuni în gestionarea riscurilor requirements, vulnerabilities and threats can change over the time.
Regular audits should be scheduled and should be conducted by an independent party, i.
IT evaluation and assessment[ edit ] Security opțiuni în gestionarea riscurilor should be validated. Technical controls are possible complex systems that are to tested and verified. The hardest part to validate is opțiuni în gestionarea riscurilor knowledge of procedural controls and the effectiveness of the real application in daily business of the security procedures.
Information technology security audit is an organizational and procedural control with the aim of evaluating security. The IT opțiuni în gestionarea riscurilor of most organization are evolving quite rapidly.
Risk management should cope with these opțiuni în gestionarea riscurilor through change authorization after risk re evaluation of the affected systems and processes and periodically review the risks and opțiuni în gestionarea riscurilor actions. It is important opțiuni în gestionarea riscurilor monitor the new vulnerabilities, apply procedural and technical security controls like regularly updating softwareand evaluate other kinds of controls to deal with zero-day attacks.
The attitude of involved people to benchmark against best practice and follow the seminars of professional associations in the sector are factors to opțiuni în gestionarea riscurilor the state of art of an organization IT risk management practice. Integrating risk management into system development life cycle[ edit ] Effective risk management must be totally integrated into the SDLC.
An IT system's SDLC has five phases: initiation, development or acquisition, implementation, operation or maintenance, and disposal. The risk management methodology is the same regardless of the SDLC phase for which the assessment is being conducted.
Risk management is an iterative process that can be performed during each major phase of the SDLC. Decisions regarding risks identified must be made prior to system operation Phase 4: Operation or Maintenance The system performs its functions.
Typically the system is being modified on an ongoing basis through the addition of hardware and software and by opțiuni în gestionarea riscurilor to organizational processes, policies, and procedures Risk management activities are performed for periodic system opțiuni în gestionarea riscurilor or reaccreditation or whenever major changes are made to an IT system in its operational, production environment e.
Activities may include moving, archiving, discarding, or destroying information and sanitizing the hardware and software Risk management activities are performed for system components that will be disposed of or replaced to ensure that the hardware and software are properly disposed of, that opțiuni în gestionarea riscurilor data is appropriately handled, and that system migration is conducted in a secure and systematic manner NIST SP  is devoted to this topic.
Early integration of security in the SDLC enables agencies to maximize return on investment in their security programs, through:  Early identification and mitigation of security vulnerabilities and misconfigurations, resulting in lower cost of security control implementation and vulnerability mitigation; Awareness of potential engineering challenges caused by mandatory security controls; Identification of shared security services and reuse of security strategies and tools to reduce development cost and schedule while improving security posture through proven methods and techniques; and Facilitation of informed executive decision making through comprehensive risk management in a timely manner.
IT risk management - Wikipedia
This guide  focuses on the information security components of the SDLC. First, descriptions of the key security roles and responsibilities that are needed in most information system developments are provided.
The document integrates the security steps into opțiuni în gestionarea riscurilor linear, sequential a. The five-step SDLC cited in the document is an example of one method of development and is not intended to mandate this methodology. Lastly, SP provides insight into IT projects and initiatives that are not as clearly defined as SDLC-based developments, such as service-oriented architectures, cross-organization projects, and IT facility developments.
Security can be incorporated into information systems acquisition, development and maintenance by implementing effective security practices in the following areas.